Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens

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Cricket Ground Information

Ground Name Eden Gardens
Address Maidan, B.B.D. Bagh, Kolkata, West Bengal 700021, India
Establishment 1864; 159 years ago
Capacity 68,000
As known as EG Stadium Kolkata
First Match Held 5 January 1935
Official Website https://www.cricketassociationofbengal.com/edengarden.php
Owner Eastern Command of the Indian Army
Operator Cricket Association of Bengal
Tenants India national cricket team (1934-present), India women's national cricket team (1978-present), Kolkata Knight Riders (2008–present), Bengal cricket team (1889–present), Bengal women's cricket team, India national football team (1982–1984)
Phone +913322480411

Eden Gardens in Kolkata is considered the iconic home of Indian cricket. The historic stadium was established in 1864, making it the oldest and second largest cricket venue in India.

With a capacity exceeding 60,000, Eden Gardens has hosted major international matches for over 150 years.

Known as the "Mecca" of Indian cricket, it has been likened to the famous Colosseum arena. Eden Gardens staged the 1987 and 2016 World Cup finals, affirming its status as the country's premier cricket ground.

It houses the headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal and is home ground of IPL franchise Kolkata Knight Riders.

Eden Gardens' rich history, boisterous crowds, and significance to Indian cricket make it one of the world's legendary sporting venues.

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Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens in Kolkata is one of the most iconic and storied cricket stadiums in India with a rich history dating back to the 1864.

With a seating capacity of over 68,000, it is the largest cricket stadium in India and one of the major grounds in the world.

Eden Gardens is renowned for its lively, energetic atmosphere with crowds packed to the rafters for major domestic and international matches.

The noise and passion of the fans makes it an intimidating venue for visiting teams. The stadium layout includes a palatial three-story clubhouse and wide grassy banks for general spectators.

The pitch is known to favor spin bowlers, with its crusty nature towards the end of matches. Floodlights allow for day-night matches.

Eden Gardens has hosted some of India’s most memorable cricket moments, including historic World Cup wins. It is home venue for IPL side Kolkata Knight Riders.

For any cricket fan visiting India, watching a match at the iconic Eden Gardens is a dream come true. The stadium’s history, boisterous energy and role as India’s most celebrated cricket arena make it hallowed ground for the sport.

Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Overview

Eden Gardens is an iconic cricket ground located in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), West Bengal, India. It is the oldest and most prestigious cricket ground in India and is often referred to as the “Mecca of Indian Cricket”.

The ground is home to the Bengal cricket team and the Kolkata Knight Riders, an Indian Premier League franchise.

Here are some key points about Eden Gardens:

The History of Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium

Eden Gardens was established in 1864. It is named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India.

The first recorded Test match at the ground was played in January 1934, between India and England.

Stadium Capacity

Over the years, Eden Gardens has undergone several renovations and expansions. At one point, it was one of the largest cricket stadiums in the world with a seating capacity of over 100,000 spectators.

However, after renovations to meet modern safety standards, its capacity was reduced. As of my last update, it can accommodate approximately 68,000 spectators, making it the second-largest cricket stadium in India after the Narendra Modi Stadium in Gujarat.

Pitch and Conditions

The pitch at Eden Gardens has traditionally been on the slower side, assisting spin bowlers, particularly on the fourth and fifth days of a Test match.

However, the behavior of the pitch can change, and over the years, it has also been conducive to fast bowling.

Memorable Matches

Eden Gardens has hosted numerous memorable matches, including the famous 2001 India national cricket team vs Australia Test where India, following-on, turned the match around and won against all odds.

It was also the venue for the 1987 World Cup final and has hosted several important international matches, including World Cup and World Twenty20 matches.

Facilities and Features

The ground features state-of-the-art facilities for players and officials, as well as advanced media centers for press coverage.

The stadium is known for its high-intensity atmosphere, especially during significant matches. The passionate crowd support is considered to be a hallmark of matches played at Eden Gardens.


Situated near the Kolkata High Court, the stadium is located within the BBD Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and the Calcutta University.


The architecture of the Eden Gardens is notable, with several stands named after famous cricketers from both India and around the world.

The most notable among them is the Dr. B.C. Roy Club House, which provides a panoramic view of the ground.

The stadium is not only a sports ground but also a significant landmark and a symbol of cultural pride in Kolkata.

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Cricket matches at Eden Gardens are more than just sports events; they are grand spectacles that offer a unique and thrilling experience for cricket enthusiasts.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is Eden Garden a batting pitch?

The nature of the pitch at Eden Gardens has historically been known to favor spin bowling, especially in the later days of a Test match. However, in limited-overs cricket, the pitch can often be good for batting, particularly in the first innings of the game. The pitch behavior might vary from match to match and across different formats, but it generally provides a balance between bat and ball, making it conducive for competitive cricket. The conditions can also be influenced by the weather and the time of year.

What is the real name of Eden Garden stadium?

The stadium is commonly referred to as “Eden Gardens,” which is its well-known and widely recognized name. There isn’t another official name for the stadium; it’s named after the Eden Gardens Park, which is adjacent to the stadium and was named after the sisters of the then Governor-General of India, Lord Auckland.

What is the strength of Eden Garden stadium?

If by “strength,” you mean the seating capacity, as of my last update, Eden Gardens can hold approximately 68,000 spectators. This makes it one of the largest cricket stadiums in India and the world.

What is the average score in Eden Garden cricket stadium?

The average score at a cricket ground can vary greatly depending on the format of the game (Test, ODI, T20), the time period considered, and the evolving nature of the pitch and outfield. For Test matches, a first-innings score could range from 300-400, which is generally considered par on Indian pitches. In ODIs, a score of 250-300 could be competitive, while in T20s, teams often aim for 160-180 or more. However, these are very general figures and the actual average score would require a detailed analysis of match data from the venue across different time periods and formats.

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